Get on the ‘padrón’: think ahead to the future
If you live in Spain you could be at risk if you have not registered at your local town hall
The padrón is the local municipal census register in each council area in Spain. It is a legal requirement if you are resident in Spain to be registered on it.
Research shows that one of the most common reasons British nationals living in Spain become vulnerable in older age is because they have not registered on the ‘padrón’ soon enough. There are many free or subsidised services that British residents are entitled to if they live in Spain but often the door is closed if they are not on this municipal census.
Being on the ‘padrón’ (local census register) is your key to accessing most publically funded social care services in Spain and a variety of other services. In some cases you need to have been registered on this municipal register for a minimum period of time so it is essential to register as soon as you become resident in Spain, keep it updated if you move and above all do not wait to register for when things start to go wrong.
Registering on the ‘padrón’ at the local town hall is easy and free, and is recommended for anyone staying over three months, even if you are not sure how long you will stay.
Data protection laws prevent this information being shared and most importantly it does not affect your tax resident status (i.e. registering on the padron is NOT the same as saying you are resident to pay tax in Spain).
You do not legally have to show you are an officially registered Spanish resident (the green certificate/card issued usually by police stations to British nationals) in order to register on this municipal padrón, although some towns halls may insist on it. You can normally just use your passport.
However increasingly to ask for most Spanish statutory services as a British national you are required to show both your municipal local ‘padrón’ registration and the green certificate saying you are officially resident in Spain.
For more details on how to register for the ‘padrón’, and when to reconfirm your padrón entry if you already have one, see here
Being on the ‘padrón’ also helps your local community as it is this record of how many people live in a town that the national government uses to calculate how much money to give to local town halls for the services. Registering on the padrón (municipal census) means your local town or village gets more money. It also entitles you to vote in local elections, (once you are on the ‘padrón’ ask for the separate form to be added to the municipal electoral roll).
In summary, if you are not on the ‘padrón’ and are resident in Spain you are potentially at risk and the British Consulate in Spain and voluntary organisations working with British nationals in old age strongly urge people to register as soon as possible when they move to Spain, whatever their circumstances. Help in the future is much more limited if you have not registered on the local municipal ‘padrón’.
You should always inform the town hall if you change address.
El padrón = The municipal census register
Certificado de Empadronamiento = The document you receive to say you have registered
Empadronarse (verb) = To put yourself on the register
Registro público or Departamento de Estadísticas or Atención Ciudadanía = names of three common departments in town halls where you go to ’empadronarse’