Get the green ‘official resident’ card and register on the ‘padrón’ now: think ahead to the future
As a British national living in Spain you could be at risk as Britain leaves the EU if you have not already officially registered as an EU resident and also on the town hall census (‘padrón’). See more details below.
- Registering as an official resident with the Spanish authorities
If you are a British national already living in Spain and it is your main home, British Government advice is to make sure you are recorded as an official resident in Spain. This is the well-known credit-card-sized green EU-citizen residency certificate (or A4 sheet) issued by the Spanish government following EU law and which most British nationals resident in Spain now have.
If you have not already done this, doing so now will ensure your residency is officially recorded up to Brexit and you are in the best position to have your rights protected, pending details of the final EU-leaving deal which has still to be agreed. If you have been here more than three months and intend to stay you need to register as soon as possible.
You can read more about this process by clicking here.
Note: this is not the same as the town hall census record ‘padrón’. The ‘padrón’ (see below) is an internal town hall document that helps with access to some local services, especially social care, and is applied for separately at your local town hall. It is very important to be on the ‘padrón’ as well, but for the purposes of proving you have been resident in Spain in the event of Brexit, the green card or A4 sheet certificate is likely to be essential.
(A green A4 sheet of paper is equally valid. Previously the government gave out an A4 piece of paper but all new applicants for the last few years get a smaller, credit-card-sized certificate instead).
Note: You have a right if you wish to, after being in Spain more than five years, to apply for the card to be reissued as permanent (marked Residente Permanente), although this is not a legal requirement nor obligatory. You use the same forms and pay the same tax.
You can read more about this process by clicking here.
2. Getting on the padrón (local census) is key to accessing social services in the future and an essential step towards voting in local elections
The padrón is the local municipal census register in each council area in Spain. It is a legal requirement if you are resident in Spain to be registered on it.
Research shows that one of the most common reasons British nationals living in Spain become vulnerable in older age is because they have not registered on the ‘padrón’ soon enough. There are many free or subsidised services that British residents are entitled to if they live in Spain but often the door is closed if they are not on this municipal census.
Being on the ‘padrón’ (local census register) is your key to accessing most publically funded social care services in Spain and a variety of other services. In some cases you need to have been registered on this municipal register for a minimum period of time so it is essential to register as soon as you become resident in Spain, keep it updated if you move and above all do not wait to register for when things start to go wrong.
Registering on the ‘padrón’ at the local town hall is easy and free, and is recommended for anyone staying over three months, even if you are not sure how long you will stay.
Data protection laws prevent this information being shared and most importantly it does not affect your tax resident status (i.e. registering on the padron is NOT the same as saying you are resident to pay tax in Spain).
You do not legally have to show you are an officially registered Spanish resident (the green certificate/card issued usually by police stations to British nationals: see above) in order to register on this municipal padrón, although some towns halls may insist on it. You can normally just use your passport.
However increasingly to ask for most Spanish statutory services as a British national you are required to show both your municipal local ‘padrón’ registration and the green certificate saying you are officially resident in Spain.
For more details on how to register for the ‘padrón’, and when to reconfirm your padrón entry if you already have one, see here
Being on the ‘padrón’ also helps your local community as it is this record of how many people live in a town that the national government uses to calculate how much money to give to local town halls for the services. Registering on the padrón (municipal census) means your local town or village gets more money. It also entitles you to vote in local municipal elections and help choose the council, (once you are on the ‘padrón’ ask for the separate form to be added to the municipal electoral roll).
In summary, if you are not on the ‘padrón’ and are resident in Spain you are potentially at risk and the British Consulate in Spain and voluntary organisations working with British nationals in old age strongly urge people to register as soon as possible when they move to Spain, whatever their circumstances. Help in the future is much more limited if you have not registered on the local municipal ‘padrón’.
You should always inform the town hall if you change address.
Useful vocabulary when applying to be on the local council’s ‘padrón’
El padrón = The municipal census register
Certificado de Empadronamiento = The document you receive to say you have registered
Empadronarse (verb) = To put yourself on the register
Registro público or Departamento de Estadísticas or Atención Ciudadanía = names of three common departments in town halls where you go to ’empadronarse’